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Oil exports and economic growth: An empirical evidence from Saudi Arabia Mohammad Imdadul Haque

Being an oil-based economy, the economic prosperity of Saudi Arabia to a large extent depends upon the international price of crude oil. A substantial portion of public revenue which determine the economic activities of the government comes from oil exports. Oil exports are also important for earning the foreign exchange to fulfill the import requirements of the country. Hence any disturbance in this sector is likely to affect the entire economy of Saudi Arabia. This paper applies Johansen cointegration method to establish long run relationship of economic growth with oil exports, imports and government consumption expenditure. The study finds that economic growth has a positive long run relationship with oil exports, and consumption expenditure of the government. Further, there is a negative long run association between imports and economic growth. Finally, the study recommends regulating imports and intensive efforts to diversify economic base in import substituting industries.

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Cointegration and Causality between Economic Growth, Government Sector and Private Sector in Saudi Arabia Mohammad Imdadul Haque
In an age when oil prices are abysmally low, an important element for sustaining the growth of an oil-dependent economy like Saudi Arabia is to minimize the role of government sector and to encourage the growth of private sector. In fact, this is an important aspect of economic diversification. Empirical studies on analysing the relationship between government sector, private sector and economic growth is missing for Saudi Arabia. Using Johansen test of cointegration for the period 1970-2015, this study finds out that the three variables are cointegrated for Saudi Arabia. The study further indicates that there is a long-run causality running from both government sector and private sector to gross domestic product. This causality is missing in the short run. Finally, the study recommends re-structuring the salaries and taxation in the private sector. ...
Determinants of Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia: An Economic Analysis using Vector Error Correction (VEC) Model Mohammad Imdadul Haque

Saudi Arabia is one of the major oil producing and exporting countries of the world. In recent years, it has been taking measures to diversify its economy. It has also been spending a lot on education in recent years. Under this situation, it is important to analyze and determine what are the major factors that impact Saudi Arabia's economic growth? Econometric analysis using co-integration shows a long-run equilibrium relationship between gross domestic product as dependent variable and three variables namely gross fixed capital formation, exports and imports as explanatory variables. Moreover, estimated long-run relationship shows that while gross fixed capital formation and exports boost up gross domestic product, imports cause a fall in it in the long-run. Public expenditure on education does not have any significant impact on gross domestic product. The results of Vector Error Correction Model validates that there is a long-run equilibrium relationship between the above mentioned four variables in Saudi Arabia. Granger Causality/Block Erogeneity Wald Tests show that gross fixed capital formation and exports cause growth ingross domestic product in the short-run as well.

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Telecommunication Sector of Saudi Arabia: Internal and External Analysis Mohammad Imdadul Haque

Telecommunication sector plays a vital role in development of any economy. This study takes a holistic approach of studying the sales, financial performance, customer satisfaction and service quality. A comparative study of the three major telecom service providers is planned here. Financial performance of service providers indicates STC as the best, while Zain currently has the highest net sales. Overall customer satisfaction is much lower in the telecommunication sector. Also, customers' perception about the quality of service is lower than the expectations in terms of all the dimensions of SERVQUAL. But, the results indicate that there is neither any significant difference between the satisfaction of customers from their respective service providers nor there is any significant difference between aspects of service quality of different service providers. This is both a problem and opportunity for this sector. Increasing quality of services would lead to increase in customer satisfaction and finally increase sales and profits.

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Farmers' Sensitivity to Crop Loss: Evidence From India Mohammad Imdadul Haque

This study analyses farmer's sensitivity to crop yield loss in India. The four prominent reasons identified are: drought; disease; natural causes and others, among which drought appears to be the major issue. The farmers who had small landholdings and lacked irrigation facilities, assets, credit and technical guidance were more at loss. The crop loss severity and its region at agro-ecosystem level has also been analysed and it was found that across all ecosystems, arid area experiences more crop loss followed by rainfed, costal, irrigated and hills & mountain. Arid and rainfed agro-ecosystems are worse hit by inadequate rainfall and while coastal and hills & mountain are more risky due to insect/disease/animal. In case of irrigated ecosystem both inadequate rainfall and insect/disease/animal come out as credible threat and emerge as major reasons for crop loss. Insurance could be one possible ways to mitigate the impact of climate change on agriculture.

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Sales Force Management فينكاتاساي سيرنفازا راو مرام الله

Because of bifercation of states such as Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in India based on linguistic backgrounds of both states, the promotion of products in these two markets was become difficult in the context of personal selling.  Sales force of these two states would confront some problems of language.  A research is needed to identify the barriers of communication between sales force and customers in these two states. 

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Economic security and sustainability through social entrepreneurship: The current Saudi scenario s.manakkattil

Economic security of each country is determined by array of different factors. Some factors seem obvious and are measurable, while other factors, such as entrepreneurship and, especially social entrepreneurship, are tacit and hard to measure. Anyway, social entrepreneurship is accepted globally as a bridge between business and benevolence. It attempts to find solution to local sustainability issues that are normally not addressed by traditional organizations. The problems faced by the Middle East society in general and Saudi Arabia in particular is unique in nature. Most of such problems cannot be addressed by the Government or the traditional organisations. The utility of social entrepreneurship arises here. There are many social enterprises in Saudi Arabia that have succeeded in nurturing a band of new leaders who are attempting to enhance the region's global competitiveness, with a social touch. The present paper presents a few social entrepreneurs who have made their mark in Saudi society, and provides suggestions for nurturing and sustaining social entrepreneurships.

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The Relationship between Exports and Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik Yousef Alkhateeb, Haider Mahmood and Zafar Ahmad Sultan, The Relationship between Exports and Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia, Asian Social Science .Canadian  center of science and Education ,Vol.12, NO.4 2016. (Scopus Journal)

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/viewFile/56820/31156

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/56820/31156

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Obstacles of Promotional Mix for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An applied study in Al-Kharj Governorate طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb and Nabil Mohemmed AL-Hazmi, Obstacles of Promotional Mix for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An applied study in Al-Kharj Governorate, Accepted for publication in Actual Problems of Economics Journal, ,(  impact factor: 0.04), (Scopus Journal) dated 29-06-2016

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empirical investigation of exchange rate and India's agricultural exports : cointegration and causality analysis طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb, empirical investigation of exchange rate and India's   agricultural exports : cointegration and causality analysis, International Journal of Trade & Commerce , Volume –V, Number -1- January- June 2016 .

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