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Determinants of Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia: An Economic Analysis using Vector Error Correction (VEC) Model Mohammad Imdadul Haque

Saudi Arabia is one of the major oil producing and exporting countries of the world. In recent years, it has been taking measures to diversify its economy. It has also been spending a lot on education in recent years. Under this situation, it is important to analyze and determine what are the major factors that impact Saudi Arabia's economic growth? Econometric analysis using co-integration shows a long-run equilibrium relationship between gross domestic product as dependent variable and three variables namely gross fixed capital formation, exports and imports as explanatory variables. Moreover, estimated long-run relationship shows that while gross fixed capital formation and exports boost up gross domestic product, imports cause a fall in it in the long-run. Public expenditure on education does not have any significant impact on gross domestic product. The results of Vector Error Correction Model validates that there is a long-run equilibrium relationship between the above mentioned four variables in Saudi Arabia. Granger Causality/Block Erogeneity Wald Tests show that gross fixed capital formation and exports cause growth ingross domestic product in the short-run as well.

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Telecommunication Sector of Saudi Arabia: Internal and External Analysis Mohammad Imdadul Haque

Telecommunication sector plays a vital role in development of any economy. This study takes a holistic approach of studying the sales, financial performance, customer satisfaction and service quality. A comparative study of the three major telecom service providers is planned here. Financial performance of service providers indicates STC as the best, while Zain currently has the highest net sales. Overall customer satisfaction is much lower in the telecommunication sector. Also, customers' perception about the quality of service is lower than the expectations in terms of all the dimensions of SERVQUAL. But, the results indicate that there is neither any significant difference between the satisfaction of customers from their respective service providers nor there is any significant difference between aspects of service quality of different service providers. This is both a problem and opportunity for this sector. Increasing quality of services would lead to increase in customer satisfaction and finally increase sales and profits.

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Farmers' Sensitivity to Crop Loss: Evidence From India Mohammad Imdadul Haque

This study analyses farmer's sensitivity to crop yield loss in India. The four prominent reasons identified are: drought; disease; natural causes and others, among which drought appears to be the major issue. The farmers who had small landholdings and lacked irrigation facilities, assets, credit and technical guidance were more at loss. The crop loss severity and its region at agro-ecosystem level has also been analysed and it was found that across all ecosystems, arid area experiences more crop loss followed by rainfed, costal, irrigated and hills & mountain. Arid and rainfed agro-ecosystems are worse hit by inadequate rainfall and while coastal and hills & mountain are more risky due to insect/disease/animal. In case of irrigated ecosystem both inadequate rainfall and insect/disease/animal come out as credible threat and emerge as major reasons for crop loss. Insurance could be one possible ways to mitigate the impact of climate change on agriculture.

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Economic security and sustainability through social entrepreneurship: The current Saudi scenario s.manakkattil

Economic security of each country is determined by array of different factors. Some factors seem obvious and are measurable, while other factors, such as entrepreneurship and, especially social entrepreneurship, are tacit and hard to measure. Anyway, social entrepreneurship is accepted globally as a bridge between business and benevolence. It attempts to find solution to local sustainability issues that are normally not addressed by traditional organizations. The problems faced by the Middle East society in general and Saudi Arabia in particular is unique in nature. Most of such problems cannot be addressed by the Government or the traditional organisations. The utility of social entrepreneurship arises here. There are many social enterprises in Saudi Arabia that have succeeded in nurturing a band of new leaders who are attempting to enhance the region's global competitiveness, with a social touch. The present paper presents a few social entrepreneurs who have made their mark in Saudi society, and provides suggestions for nurturing and sustaining social entrepreneurships.

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The Relationship between Exports and Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik Yousef Alkhateeb, Haider Mahmood and Zafar Ahmad Sultan, The Relationship between Exports and Economic Growth in Saudi Arabia, Asian Social Science .Canadian  center of science and Education ,Vol.12, NO.4 2016. (Scopus Journal)

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/viewFile/56820/31156

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/56820/31156

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Obstacles of Promotional Mix for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An applied study in Al-Kharj Governorate طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb and Nabil Mohemmed AL-Hazmi, Obstacles of Promotional Mix for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An applied study in Al-Kharj Governorate, Accepted for publication in Actual Problems of Economics Journal, ,(  impact factor: 0.04), (Scopus Journal) dated 29-06-2016

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empirical investigation of exchange rate and India's agricultural exports : cointegration and causality analysis طارق توفيق الخطيب

Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb, empirical investigation of exchange rate and India's   agricultural exports : cointegration and causality analysis, International Journal of Trade & Commerce , Volume –V, Number -1- January- June 2016 .

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Impact of devaluation on Saudi oil exports: The J-Curve analysis طارق توفيق الخطيب

Haider Mahmood, and Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb  ,  Impact of devaluation on Saudi oil exports: The J-Curve analysis”  “International Journal of Economic Research, Vol.14 (2017). (Scopus Indexed Journal) .

https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/3248

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Impact of Devaluation on Foreign Trade in Saudi Arabia طارق توفيق الخطيب

Haider Mahmood, and Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb  and Nawaz Ahamed“Impact of Devaluation on Foreign Trade in Saudi Arabia “International Journal of Applied Business & Economic Research, Vol. 15 (2017). (Scopus Indexed Journal) .

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Testing Asymmetrical Effect of Exchange Rate on Saudi Service Sector Trade: A Non-linear Auto-regressive Distributive Lag Approach طارق توفيق الخطيب

Haider Mahmood, and Tarek Tawfik El – Khateeb  ,Testing Asymmetrical Effect of Exchange Rate on Saudi Service Sector Trade: A Non-linear Auto-regressive Distributive Lag Approach, International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Vol 7, No 1 (2017) (Scopus Indexed Journal)

https://www.econjournals.com/index.php/ijefi/article/view/3248/pdf

Ranking: 2015 SJR (SCImago Journal Rank) Score:(Impact Factor= 0.194), 143/269 .

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